If you have ever been to South Asia, you’ve experienced the smoggy cloud that rests over almost every city. This is the consequence of having no formal emissions testing required by law in some of the most populated places in the world.

Recently, the Indian government has begun to slowly increase its awareness to climate change and the amount of pollution it is contributing to the global atmosphere. As a result, they are implementing new emission standards under the name Bharat Stage-VI (BS-IV) Emission Normalities.

These emission standards require companies to limit the amount of pollution that each vehicle can emit. The government demands that all unsold models following April 1st, 2017 need to be brought to compliance with the new standards. The BS IV norms demand that only 50 parts per million of sulfur is allowed to be emitted, opposed to the 350 parts per million under the old requirements of BS III. This plan will not only help to reduce the amount of pollution in major cities across India, but also shows the global community that India is committed to help slow global warming.

The question remains, how do these emission norms affect Nepal? India and Nepal have always been closely linked and many cars and motorcycles manufactured in India end up being sold in Nepal as well. Since most vehicles being imported into Nepal are manufactured in India and China, Nepal is inadvertently being introduced to the new emission standards.

Currently, Nepal’s emission standards are vague with little to no enforcement involved. There are hopes that Nepal will be influenced by India and China and begin to enforce tighter restrictions as well. This would help to keep Kathmandu valley’s air quality clean.

India’s updated emission restrictions have greatly affected the way new cars and motorcycles are being produced. The hope is that the new restrictions will ultimately begin to loosen the grip of climate change, pollution, and allow new green technology to take root in South Asia.

Report by: Ben Loecken